Healthy arteries are like long balloons that expand and contract with blood pressure variations. They should not be rigid pipes that do not distend. The balloon-like quality of arteries is called distensibility, and it is measured by ultrasound. In addition, ultrasound measures abnormal growth (hypertrophy) of the main pumping chamber of the heart, the left ventricle.
Recently, Turkish researchers, led by Doctor Osman Kuloğlu and 10 colleagues, working under the supervision of Professor Murat Çaylı, all of the Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital in Turkey, measured both aortic distensibility and left ventricular hypertrophy together with 25(OH)D levels in 136 newly diagnosed diabetics. They also measured high sensitivity C reactive Protein (CRP), a measure of inflammation.