A recent 5-year study published by the journal Nutrition found low vitamin D status was associated with an increased risk of high lipid levels.
The researchers aimed to determine whether vitamin D status may affect lipid levels over time. A total of 13,039 participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study were included in the analysis.
The ARIC study aimed to determine causes of atherosclerosis and heart disease among Americans between the ages of 45-64 years. All participants had their vitamin D and lipid levels measured at baseline and re-measured 2 and 5 years later.
The participant’s average vitamin D status was 24 ng/ml. The researchers found that those who were vitamin D deficient (< 20 ng/ml) experienced a significantly increased risk of developing dyslipidemia compared to higher levels (> 30 ng/ml) [RR 1.19 (1.02-1.39)].
The researchers stated,
“Further work including randomized controlled trials is needed to better assess how 25(OH)D may impact lipids and cardiovascular risk.”