In a new laboratory study published in PLoS One, researchers discovered a new way in which vitamin D helps maintain prostate cell functioning.
Cells in the body need to be able to communicate with each other to ensure proper functioning of various tissues. In order for cells to be able to do this, they need to connect together and form what is known as a gap junction.
A gap junction is the connection of the cytoplasm of two cells which allows them to transfer molecules and ions to each other, essentially allowing them to ‘communicate’. This is only possible with connexins, which are the proteins that form the gap junction between two cells.