Recent research published in Clinical Endocrinology has found that vitamin D may reduce oxidative stress by influencing levels of certain antioxidants.
Oxidative stress occurs when there are high amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the body and the body is unable to neutralize them or repair the damage caused by these oxygen species. ROS are chemically active molecules that contain oxygen. Evidence suggests that oxidative stress is a contributor to chronic disease such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and chronic kidney disease.
Vitamin D is also associated with these chronic diseases in observational research and clinical research shows low vitamin D status increases the risk of developing these diseases.
If both vitamin D and oxidative stress play a role in the development of chronic disease, might there be an interaction between the two in which vitamin D may impact oxidative stress and modify disease risk?