A study from Journal of Perinatology found that lower maternal and neonatal vitamin D levels were related to an increased risk of early-onset neonatal sepsis in infants.
Neonatal sepsis refers to the presence of a bacterial blood stream infection in a newborn infant (neonate). The incidence of neonatal sepsis is between 1 and 8 neonates per 1000 live births. Neonatal sepsis is estimated to cause one million deaths, which equals more than a quarter of newborn deaths worldwide.
Early-onset neonatal sepsis (EOS) is sepsis that occurs in infants in the first seven days of life. It is generally the result of acquiring pathogenic microorganisms from the mother and is characterized by respiratory distress, a swollen belly, and diarrhea.