A recent study published by the journal Veterinary Internal Medicine suggests that vitamin D status is predictor of disease outcome in dogs with chronic enteropathy.
Chronic enteropathy (CE) is an intestinal disease commonly responsible for illness and mortality in dogs. Dogs with CE experience weight loss, diarrhea, abdominal pain and vomiting lasting for several weeks at a time. A combination of abnormal mucosal immunity, increased intestinal permeability and an altered microbial flora, along with genetic and environmental factors, contribute to the onset of CE.
Research has discovered that a relationship exists between low vitamin D status and CE dogs. In addition, low vitamin D status has been linked with disease severity in dogs with CE. Despite these findings, no studies have been conducted to determine the clinical significance of this relationship.
In a recent cohort study, researchers from the Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, Hospital for Small Animals evaluated the relationship between serum 25(OH)D levels and clinical outcome in dogs with CE. A total of 41 dogs diagnosed with CE were included in the study. The dogs serum 25(OH)D levels were measured at the time of diagnosis, and the disease outcome was recorded.
Was there a relationship between vitamin D status and CE in dogs? Here is what the researchers found:
The researchers summarized their findings,
I have looked at commercial dog food to see if any manufacturers add extra vitamin D to their food but could not find any that do. So I bought Ddrops, and I give my dog the equivalent of 1,000 IU/25 pounds per day.
Sturges, M. & Cannell, JJ. Low vitamin D status linked with survival in dogs with chronic enteropathy. The Vitamin D Council blog/newsletter, October 6, 2015.