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Low vitamin D increases pneumonia risk in older adults

Posted on: May 3, 2013   by  Vitamin D Council


Low vitamin D levels are associated with an increased risk of pneumonia, according to new research published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

The research, carried out by researchers at the University of Eastern Finland, studied the link between vitamin D status and risk of contracting pneumonia. The study population included 1421 men and women ages 53-73 years. Vitamin D concentrations were assessed using blood samples from the participants from 1998 to 2001. Blood levels were compared with reported cases of pneumonia in the same set of subjects.

Mean vitamin D status was deficient at 17.8 ng/ml. Seventy-three participants were hospitalized at least once due to pneumonia during the 10 year follow up. The authors report that the participants with the lowest vitamin D status had a 2.5 times greater risk of developing pneumonia compared with participants with the highest vitamin D levels.

Past research has shown that low vitamin D status is linked to poor pneumonia prognosis. We’ve reported on the study here: Vitamin D level linked to pneumonia prognosis. The University of Eastern Finland study was the first to establish a link between vitamin D deficiency and an increased risk of pneumonia in the aging general population.


Aregbesola A, Voutilainen S, Nurmi T, Virtanen JK, Ronkainen K, Tuomainen T. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 of pneumonia in an aging general population. J Epidemiol Community Health, 2013.

1 Response to Low vitamin D increases pneumonia risk in older adults

  1. [email protected]

    Wasn’t it about 1902 and 1903, that a couple of Nobel prizes were awarded, for the discovery that sunshine cures TB and pneumonia? I thought this was kinda old news (like about 110 years old). ?!

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