Insulin is an important hormone produced by the pancreas. With insulin’s help, cells throughout our body absorb glucose – a form of sugar derived from the food we eat – and use it for energy. Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body produces insulin but doesn’t use it effectively. The pancreas will overcompensate and continue to excrete insulin, causing high insulin levels. Insulin resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Past research has shown that insulin resistance often occurs in overweight or obese persons, and also people who have poor diet and exercise habits.